Age related macular degeneration (AMD) is an eye condition that affects our macula which is the area of our central vision. The risk of macular degeneration increases with age. We can reduce our risk of macular degeneration by maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Our doctors recommend a balanced diet high in antioxidants, cessation from smoking, good blood pressure, and cholesterol control as well as UV protection with sunglasses.
There are two forms of AMD, dry and wet. 90% of cases of AMD are the dry form but progression to the wet form can be visually devastating. AMD is a slow progressing disease that can be diagnosed through dilated fundus exams. It is important to have annual eye exams as patients with early findings may be asymptomatic. Early retinal findings are pigmentary changes at the macula. Drusen is also a common finding, these are proteins made up of fatty lipids. As the disease progresses, there can be leakage of fluid, new blood vessel growth and atrophy at our central vision. Patients with AMD can be managed by our optometrists at True Vision but as the disease progresses, patients will be referred to retinal specialists for treatment.